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Sea Level and Coastal Changes

Joint junior research group with MARUM, University of Bremen

Coastal areas are one of the most rapidly evolving systems on Earth. The population density within 100 kilometers of the coastline is nearly 3 times higher than the global average density and 10% of the human population is living less than 10 meters above sea level (especially in the tropical zones). This explains why the evolution of coastal areas is perceived as a relevant problem in need of monitoring, defense or adaptation strategies. Common figures state that the worldwide percentage of beaches under erosion is ~70%. Sea level rise and change in the frequency and intensity of storms are expected to exacerbate the problem, leading to both social and natural negative consequences.

The group has a twofold aim. First, it aims to investigate past interglacials, moments when the earth was warmer than today, in order to gather the elevation of former sea levels and, ultimately, polar ice sheets sensitivity to warmer climates. This work is carried out in collaboration with geologists, ecologists, geophysicists and ice modelers.

Second, the group investigates rates and causes of coastal changes at different time scales in order to understand the sensitivity of different areas to coastal erosion, or to extreme wave events. This work is carried out in collaboration with geologists, sedimentologists, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and GIS experts and hydrodynamic modelers.

Group Leader

Dr. Alessio Rovere
Phone: 
+49 (421) 23800 - 0
e-mail: 

Group page at MARUM more ...

Group page "Coastal Geomorphology" more ...

WG members

Group Leader
Dr. Alessio Rovere

Post Docs
Dr. Daniel Harris

PhD students
Thomas Lorscheid

Visitors
Dr. Eng. Elisa Casella

Job offers

Information about job offers at ZMT here...

Papers

2015

Antonioli, F., Lo Presti, V., Rovere, A., Ferranti, L., Anzidei, M., Furlani, S., Mastronuzzi, G., Orrú P.E., Scicchitano, G., Sannino, G., Spampinato, C.R., Pagliarulo, R., Deiana, G., De Sabata, E., Sansó, P., Vacchi, M., Vecchio, A. (2015). Tidal notches in Mediterranean Sea: a comprehensive analysis. Quaternary Science Reviews, 119(5), 66–84. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.03.016

Rovere, A., Hearty, P.J., Austermann, J., Mitrovica, J.X., Gale, J., Moucha, R., Forte, A.M., Raymo, M.E., 2015. Mid-Pliocene shorelines of the US Atlantic Coastal Plain — An improved elevation database with comparison to Earth model predictions. Earth-Science Rev. 145, 117–131. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.02.007

Rovere, A., Antonioli, F., Bianchi, C.N., 2015. Fixed biological indicators, in: Shennan, I., Long, A.J., Horton, B.P. (Eds.), Handbook of Sea-Level Research. Wiley Online Library, pp. 268–280.

Harris, D.L., Vila-Concejo, A., Webster, J.M., Power, H.E., 2015. Spatial variations in wave transformation and sediment entrainment on a coral reef sand apron. Mar. Geol. 363, 220–229. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2015.02.010

Harris, D.L., Webster, J.M., Vila-Concejo, A., Hua, Q., Yokoyama, Y., Reimer, P.J., 2015. Late Holocene sea-level fall and turn-off of reef flat carbonate production: Rethinking bucket fill and coral reef growth models. Geology 43, 1–4. doi:10.1130/G35977.1

Avila, S., Melo, C., Silva, L., Ramalho, R., Quartau, R., Hipolito, A., Cordeiro, R., Rebelo, A.C., Madeira, P., Rovere, A., Hearty, P.J., Henriques, D., da Silva, C.M., de Frias martins, A., Zazo, C., 2015. A review of the MIS 5e highstand deposits from Santa Maria Island (Azores, NE Atlantic ): palaeobiodiversity , palaeoecology and palaeobiogeography. Sci. Rev. 114, 126–148. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.02.012

Gatti, G., Bianchi, C.N., Parravicini, V., Rovere, A., Peirano, A., Montefalcone, M., Massa, F., Morri, C., 2015. Ecological Change, Sliding Baselines and the Importance of Historical Data: Lessons from Combing Observational and Quantitative Data on a Temperate Reef Over 70 Years. PLoS One 10, e0118581. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0118581

2014

Rovere, A., Casella, E., Vacchi, M., Parravicini, V., Firpo, M., Ferrari, M., Morri, C., Bianchi, C.N., 2014. Coastal and marine geomorphology between Albenga and Savona (NW Mediterranean Sea, Italy). J. Maps 1–9. doi:10.1080/17445647.2014.933134

Casella, E., Rovere, A., Pedroncini, A., Mucerino, L., Casella, M., Cusati, A.L., Vacchi, M., Ferrari, M., Firpo, M., 2014. Estuarine , Coastal and Shelf Science Study of wave runup using numerical models and low-altitude aerial photogrammetry : A tool for coastal management. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 149, 160–167. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2014.08.012
 

Conference proceedings

2015

Harris, D.L., Power, H., Conejo, A.V., Webster, J., 2015. Wave transformation across coral reefs under changing sea levels, in: EGU General Assembly Conference. p. 13755.

Rovere, A., Hearty, P., Austermann, J., Mitrovica, J.X., Gale, J., 2015. Mid-Pliocene shorelines of the US Atlantic Coastal Plain : an improved elevation database with constraints from Earth model predictions, in: EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts. p. 5734.

Lorscheid, T., Stocchi, P., Boer, B. De, Mann, T., Westphal, H., Rovere, A., 2015. New sea-level data of the MIS 5e interglacial of Mallorca Island , Spain. EGU Gen. Assem. Conf. Abstr. 17, 4676.

Bianchi, C.N., Morri, C., Montefalcone, M., Lasagna, R., Gatti, G., Rovere, A., Baldelli, G., Colantoni, P., 2015. Coral reef resilience in the Maldives, in: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Society for Tropical Ecology, Gtö 2015. Zürich, p. 195.

Cardini, U., Bednarz, V.N., Hoytema, N. Van, Rovere, A., Naumann, M.M., Al-Rshaidat, M.M.D., Wild, C., 2015. Revising the role of biological dinitrogen fixation in biogeochemical cyclinf of coral reef ecosystems, in: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Society for Tropical Ecology, Gtö 2015. Zürich, p. 193.

Casella, E., Rovere, A., Casella, M., Pedroncini, A., Ferrari, M., 2015. Beach monitoring using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles : results of a multi-temporal study. EGU Gen. Assem. Conf. Abstr. 17, 7212.

Hearty, P., Leary, M.O., Rovere, A., Raymo, M., Sandstrom, M., 2015. Plio-Pleistocene stratigraphy and relative sea level estimates : an emerging global perspective. EGU Gen. Assem. Conf. Abstr. 17, 6849. doi:10.1038/NGEO1118.Rovere

Moucha, R., Ruetenik, G.A., Hoke, G.D., Rovere, A., 2015. Interplay between dynamic topography and flexure along the U . S . Atlantic passive margin : Insights from landscape evolution modeling. EGU Gen. Assem. Conf. Abstr. 17, 8034.

Raymo, M.E., Rovere, A., Mitrovica, J.X., O’Leary, M.J., Hearty, P.J., Sandstrom, M., 2015. Field evidence, modeling results, and new investigative strategies shed light on the timing and amplitude of sea level change during past warm climates, in: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. p. 46.

Stocchi, P., Boer, B. De, Peeters, J., Rovere, A., Busschers, F., Cohen, K., 2015. Contributions of polar ice-sheets retreat and glacial isostatic adjustment to the Last Interglacial sea-level highstand in the North Sea. EGU Gen. Assem. Conf. Abstr. 17, 8978.

2014

Rovere, A., Casella, E., Vacchi, M., Mucerino, L., Pedroncini, A., Ferrari, M., Firpo, M., 2014b. Monitoring beach evolution using low-altitude aerial photogrammetry and UAV drones, in: Geophysical Research Abstracts,EGU General Assembly 2014.

Rovere, A., Düsterhus, A., Dutton, A., Hibbert, F.B., Horton, B.P., Klemann, V., Raymo, M.E., Unger, A., 2014c. Databases of paleo shorelines: state of the art and future directions, in: PALSEA Congress 2014, Lochinver, Scotland, UK.

Rovere, A., Raymo, M.E., 2014. Mis 5e sea level: up to what point we can use literature reviews to answer the most pressing questions on the Last Interglacial Ice Sheets?, in: AGU Fall Meeting 2014.

Rovere, A., Raymo, M.E., Hearty, P.J., Mitrovica, J.X., Austermann, J., O’leary, M.J., Sandstrom, M., 2014d. Mid-Pliocene (∼3 Ma) relative sea level markers around the world: searching for eustasy., in: Geophysical Research Abstracts,EGU General Assembly 2014.

Antonioli, F., Lo Presti, V., Anzidei, M., Deiana, G., Ferranti, L., Furlani, S., Mastronuzzi, G., Orrù, P.E., Pagliarulo, R., Rovere, A., Scicchitano, G., Sansò, P., Spampinato, C.R., Sannino, G., Vacchi, M., Caruso, A., De Sabata, E., 2014. Tidal notches in Mediterranean sea, in: Rendiconti Online Societa Geologica Italiana. p. 183. doi:10.3301/ROL.2014.140

Austermann, J., Mitrovica, J.X., Latychev, K., Rovere, A., Moucha, R., 2014a. Ice age sea level change on a dynamic earth, in: AGU Fall Meeting 2014.

Austermann, J., Rovere, A., Moucha, R., Mitrovica, J.X., Rowley, D.B., Forte, A.M., Raymo, M.E., 2014b. Sea level change since the Pliocene – a new formalism for predicting sea level in the presence of dynamic topography and isostasy, in: Geophysical Research Abstracts,EGU General Assembly 2014.

Casella, E., Rovere, A., Pedroncini, A., Mucerino, L., Casella, M., Cusati, L.A., Vacchi, M., Ferrari, M., Firpo, M., 2014a. Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in coastal areas: lessons learned from applications in Liguria, NW Mediterranean., in: AGU Fall Meeting 2014.

Casella, E., Rovere, A., Vacchi, M., Mucerino, L., Pedroncini, A., Ferrari, M., Firpo, M., 2014b. Innovative Methodologies for Coastal Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. MIRAMar project., in: Quinto Simposio Internazionale: IL MONITORAGGIO COSTIERO MEDITERRANEO: PROBLEMATICHE E TECNICHE DI MISURA.

Harris, D.L., Vila-Concejo, A., Power, H.E., Webster, J.M., 2014. Wave processes on coral reef flats during storm and modal conditions: Implications for coral reef sediment dynamics, in: AGU Fall Meeting 2014.

Lorscheid, T., Rovere, A., 2014. Sea-Level Dynamics: A Combined Field Data and Modeling Approach, in: 10th Meeting of the International Scientific Advisory Board Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT).

Mann, T., Shöne, T., Rovere, A., Klicpera, A., Satari, D.I., Westphal, H., 2014. Reconstructing past sea level in the Spermonde Archipelago , SW Sulawesi , Indonesia, in: International Sedimentological Congress (ISC) 2014.

Mucerino, L., Casella, E., Rovere, A., Vacchi, M., Pedroncini, A., Ferrari, M., Firpo, M., 2014. Study of wave run-up on a beach using numerical models and low-altitude aerial photogrammetry from UAV drones, in: 17th Joint Geomorphological Meeting, Liege, Belgium. pp. 21–22.

Navone, A., Deiana, G., Panzalis, P., Holon, F., Rovere, A., Parravicini, V., 2014. New Bionomic Map Of Protected Marine Area “Tavolara – Punta Coda Cavallo”, Sardinia, Italy, West Mediterranean, in: The Proceedings of the 5th Mediterranean Symposium on Marine Vegetation. doi:10.1080/17445647.2013.778081

Rovere, A., Antonioli, F., Benjamin, J., Bicket, A., Fontana, A., Furlani, S., Vacchi, M., 2014a. Results from the MEDFLOOD project: MEDiterranean sea-level change and projection for future FLOODing, in: Geophysical Research Abstracts,EGU General Assembly 2014.